Application of a Hazard and Operability Study Method to Hazard Evaluation of a Chemical Unit of the Power Station

E Habibi, M Zare, A Barkhordari, SJ Mirmohammadi, GhH Halvani


Background: The aim of this study was to identify the hazards, evaluate their risk factors and determine the measure for promotion of the process and reduction of accidents in the chemical unit of the power station.

Methods: In this case and qualitative study, HAZOP technique was used to recognize the hazards and problems of operations on the chemical section at power station. Totally, 126 deviations were documented with various causes and consequences.

Results: Ranking and evaluation of identified risks indicate that the majority of deviations were categorized as "acceptable" and less than half of that were "unacceptable". The highest calculated risk level (1B) related to both the interruption of acid entry to the discharge pumps and an increased density of the acid. About 27% of the deviations had the lowest risk level (4B).

Conclusion: The identification of hazards by HAZOP indicates that it could, systemically, assess and criticize the process of consumption or production of acid and alkali in the chemical unit of power plant.


Hazard and operability, HAZOP, Risk assessment, Chemical unit

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