Fetal Deaths and Congenital Malformations in Progenies of Iranian Chemical Victims

H Pour-Jafari, DD Farhud, M Hashemzadeh Chaleshtori


Background: The goal of the present study was to report the results of two parallel works in which the incidence of fetal deaths and also congenital malformations among the progenies of the Iranian chemical victims were studied.

Methods: The subjects were progenies of a randomly selected population from survivors of chemical attacks during Iran-Iraq conflict. Totally 807 male cases ranged 18-85 years old (average=33.5) were included in the test. They were married and had been injured at lea t once with chemical warfare; all of them had been brought back to their normal voiding condition.

Results: The selected subjects were categorized into case and control groups: children were born after and before their parents being injured chemically, respectively. The incidence of fetal deaths and congenital malformations in these two groups were significantly different (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Parental exposure to chemical weapons may be associated with an increased risk for some congenital malformations.


abnormalities; chemical warfare; congenital malformation; genetics

Full Text: PDF

JRHS Office:

School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Shaheed Fahmideh Ave. Hamadan, Islamic Republic of Iran

Postal code: 6517838695, PO box: 65175-4171

Tel: +98 81 38380292, Fax: +98 81 38380509

E-mail: jrhs@umsha.ac.ir