Trend of AIDS in Iran: Descriptive Epidemiology

Gh Sadri


Background: This study was conducted to describe the trend of the number of AIDS cases died in Iran, during 1987-2000 and to determine some important epidemiological factors related to the syndrome.

Methods: Using a questionnaire form of interview epidemiological information was collected. Cases were recorded in the Center of Disease Control of Iran (CDCI). All records included: year of diagnosis, death year, route of infection, marriage status and sex.

Results: In the fir t year 22 hemophiliac deaths diagnosed to have HIV and AIDS. Number of death was increased to 44 in 1999. Most new cases were found among injected drug users and people who had heterosexual intercourse. Maximum reported deaths that had sexual contact (14 patients) were belonging to 1993. Vertical transmission was observed only in one patient. The most risk for the female patients was sex intercourse (64%), while in males was hemophilia disease (37.2%). 105t of the Married group, most (46.8 %) were infected by unsafe se intercourse.

Conclusion: Since the trend of AIDS in Iran is increasing, screening program in high-risk groups; injection drug users and peoples who have unsafe sex act; arc recommended. Prevention programs should be implemented in high-risk groups, especially injected drug users.


AIDS; epidemiology; HIV; Iran

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