COVID-19 Prevention Behaviors among Health Staff: Data from a Large Survey in the West of Iran

Saeid Bashirian, Salman Khazaie, Majid Barati, Ensieh Jenabi, Alireza Soltanian, Samane shirahmadi, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Sepideh Zareian, Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Babak Moeini

Abstract


Background: Hospital staffs are at high risk of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV preventive behaviors play a peculiar role in the reduction of the incidence and mortality of this infection. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the prevention behaviors of COVID-19 among health staff based on the Extended Parallel Model (EPPM) in western Iran.

Study design: It was a cross-sectional study.

Methods: The present study was performed in the west of Iran in April 2020. In total, 1,664 cases were enrolled in this study via multi-stage sampling. The data were collected using a questionnaire, including the demographic characteristics of participants and EPPM constructs. All analyses were conducted in Stata software (version 14) at a 5% significant level.

Results: As evidenced by the obtained results,  1,523 (91.53%), 1,226 (73.68%), 1,526 (91.71%), 893 (53.67%), and 862 (51.86%) of health staff wear gloves, use masks, avoid contact with others, maintain a good distance from other people, and wash their hands frequently with water and soap, respectively. In terms of using gloves and avoiding contacts with others, participants with high perceived threat had higher odds of observing health behaviors (OR= 3.14, 95% CI: 2.08, 4.73; P<0.001) and (OR= 3.1, 95% CI: 2.04, 4.69; P<0.001), respectively. In all categories of EPPM, the participants with high efficacy had higher odds of exhibiting health behaviors, compared to those with low efficacy (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The results of the present study demonstrated that  health workers are expected to be at the highest level of threat and efficiency. Moreover, the findings emphasized the effectiveness of the recommended strategies in the prevention of COVID-19 disease.

Keywords


Coronavirus; Behavior; Fear; Iran

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