Assessment of Met and Unmet Care Needs in Older Adults without Mental Disorders using the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Parvin Cheraghi, Ahmad Delbari, Zahra Cheraghi, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Nasibeh Zanjari


Background: Physical, psychological, and social changes in the aging lead to new needs in the care of the elderly. The Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly (CANE) evaluates older adults' care needs. This study aimed to assess the types of needs of the elderly using the CANE questionnaire.

Study design: A systematic review.

Methods: This systematic review included all cross-sectional studies. International databases, including Web of Sciences, Medline, Scopus, and ProQuest were searched up to June 2021. Such keywords as aged OR ageing OR "older adults" OR "older people" OR "older person" OR elderly, AND need OR "needs assessment" OR "met needs" OR "unmet needs" were used to design the search strategy. A 95% CI was calculated using the exact method, and the meta-analysis of proportion (metaprob) module was used for data analysis.

Results: In total, 769 studies were retrieved in this review. At the following stages, 760 articles were excluded upon checking the duplicates; moreover, the titles and abstracts did not meet the eligibility criteria. Finally, nine studies remained. The mean±SD age of 2200 participants was obtained at 78.4±5.9 years. The highest and lowest met needs were related to the physical (45%) and social (21%) dimensions, respectively. Furthermore, the highest unmet needs were observed in the physical and social dimensions (0.07%), and the lowest unmet needs were related to the psychological and environmental dimensions (0.04%).

Conclusions: The CANE is sensitive enough to identify unmet needs in different samples and settings. Therefore, a new care model and appropriate interventions for the elderly can be designed based on the CANE results.



Aged; Meta-Analysis; Needs Assessment; Systematic Review

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