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J Res Health Sci. 2023;23(4): e00596.
doi: 10.34172/jrhs.2023.131
  Abstract View: 146
  PDF Download: 125

Original Article

The Effect of Community-Based Intervention on Dengue Awareness and Prevention Among Poor Urban Communities in Delhi, India

Abhishek Lachyan 1 ORCID logo, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki 1* ORCID logo, Bratati Banerjee 2, Nasrin Aghamohammadi 1,3 ORCID logo

1 Center for Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Practice, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
3 School Design and the Built Environment, Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute, Kent St, Bentley, 6102, Western Australia
*Corresponding Author: Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Email: rafdzah@ummc.edu.my

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a dengue intervention program in economically deprived urban regions of India, with a particular emphasis on housing conditions and community involvement. Given the global significance of dengue fever as a vector-borne disease, successful vector management requires effective community engagement.

Study Design: A quasi-experimental study.

Methods: This study was conducted with 314 participants from Delhi’s Sanjay Colony, divided into control and intervention groups. The study spanned 14 months (August 2020 to September 2021). The intervention program comprised two educational sessions held one month apart, covering dengue awareness, health self-care, and environmental maintenance. Data were collected at baseline, after each intervention session, and during a final follow-up assessment three months later.

Results: The primary outcome, the house index (HI), revealed statistically significant differences (P<0.001) favoring the intervention group. The total score (TS) for mosquito-borne disease, TS of knowledge, TS of attitude, and TS of practices all exhibited significant improvements in the intervention group. Participants showed an enhanced understanding of dengue causes, symptoms, and mosquito behavior related to breeding and biting. The HI in the intervention group decreased significantly from 21.65% to 4.45% (P<0.05).

Conclusion: This study, grounded in the health belief model (HBM), demonstrated the effectiveness of the intervention program in reducing HI and improving knowledge and preventive practices regarding dengue fever in impoverished urban neighborhoods of Delhi. The intervention program may be beneficial in such a poor urban community.


Please cite this article as follows: Lachyan A, Zaki RA, Banerjee B, Aghamohammadi N. The effect of community-based intervention on dengue awareness and prevention among poor urban communities in Delhi, India. J Res Health Sci. 2023; 23(4):e00596s. doi:10.34172/ jrhs.2023.131
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Submitted: 09 Nov 2023
Revision: 02 Dec 2023
Accepted: 12 Dec 2023
ePublished: 29 Dec 2023
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