J Res Health Sci. 2024;24(2): e00610.
doi: 10.34172/jrhs.2024.145

Scopus ID: 85196415800
  Abstract View: 247
  PDF Download: 153

Original Article

Prevalence and Determinants of Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents in Thailand: Evidence From 2021 Global School-Based Health Survey

Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi 1,2* ORCID logo, Theerapon Phungdee 3 ORCID logo, Surasak Saokaew 4,5, Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno 6,7,8

1 College of Social Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
2 Research Department, Global Health Focus, Thailand
3 Faculty of Education, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
4 Division of Social and Administrative Practice, Department of Pharmaceutical Care, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand
5 Center of Health Outcomes Research and Therapeutic Safety (Cohorts), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand
6 Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
7 Office for Research, Innovation, and Extension Services, Southern Leyte State University, Sogod, Southern Leyte, Philippines
8 Center for University Research, University of Makati, Makati City, Philippines
*Corresponding Author: Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi, Email: adebisiyusuff23@yahoo.com


Background: Adolescent cigarette smoking remains a concern globally, including in Thailand. This research aimed to elucidate the prevalence and determinants of cigarette smoking among Thai adolescents.

Study Design: A cross-sectional study.

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2021 Thailand Global School-Based Health Survey with 5545 adolescents aged 13–17 with complete information was conducted on their cigarette smoking status. Bivariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were performed to discern the determinants of tobacco smoking among adolescents.

Results: The overall weighted prevalence of cigarette smoking was 11.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]=9.7%, 13.5%), with adolescent males at 18.2% (95% CI=15.3%, 21.4%) and adolescent females at 5.6% (95% CI=4.2%, 7.4%). The multivariable logistic regression also revealed that males were more likely to be smokers (Adjusted Odd Ratio [AOR]=1.58; 95% CI=1.02, 2.45, P=0.040) compared to females. The presence of smokers in their vicinity significantly increased the odds of smoking (AOR=2.21, 95% CI=1.46, 3.36, P<0.001). Current alcohol use (AOR=3.37, 95% CI=2.21–5.14, P<0.001) and current marijuana use (AOR=4.53, 95% CI=2.06, 9.99, P<0.001) were both significant determinants of smoking. Notably, early initiation of cigarette use (before age 14) was associated with a lower likelihood of current smoking (AOR=0.54, 95% CI=0.33, 0.92, P=0.022).

Conclusion: With an overall prevalence of smoking among adolescents at 11.5%, our study highlights a significant public health concern. The positive determinants of the identified tobacco smoking include being male, having smokers in their vicinity, and currently using alcohol, and marijuana, while early initiation of cigarette use before age 14 is identified as an inverse determinant.

Please cite this article as follows: AdebisiYA, Phungdee T, Saokaew S, Lucero-Prisno DE. Prevalence and determinants of current cigarette smoking among adolescents in Thailand: evidence from 2021 global school-based health survey. J Res Health Sci. 2024; 24(2):e00610. doi:10.34172/jrhs.2024.145
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Submitted: 15 Jan 2024
Revision: 16 Mar 2024
Accepted: 07 May 2024
ePublished: 01 Jun 2024
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