J Res Health Sci. 2024;24(2): e00616.
doi: 10.34172/jrhs.2024.151

Scopus ID: 85196375207
  Abstract View: 135
  PDF Download: 110

Short Communications

Accuracy of Declared Salt Content on Traffic Light Labelling of Nuts and Seeds in Isfahan, Iran

Fatemeh Shirani 1 ORCID logo, Seyedeh Mahsa Khodaei 2, Mojtba Akbari 1, Razieh Eshaghi 2, Mansour Siavash 1, Zahra Esfandiari 2* ORCID logo

1 Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Nutrition and Food Security Research Center, Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Zahra Esfandiari, Email: zesfandiary24@yahoo.com


Background: Regarding the importance of the prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and higher consumption of salt among the Iranian population than the level recommended by the World Health Organization, the aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the salt mentioned in the traffic light labelling of nuts and seeds.

Study Design: A cross-sectional study.

Methods: A total of 53 packaged nuts and seeds, including 7, 8, 9, 9, 10, and 10 samples of pumpkin, pistachios, almond, sunflower, peanut, and watermelon nuts and seeds, respectively, with traffic light labelling, were randomly purchased from several local markets in Isfahan, Iran. The amount of sodium was measured by the inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy technique and then multiplied by 2.5 to achieve the amount of salt.

Results: Varying levels of traffic light labeling value accuracy were observed in most of the samples. In the almond, pistachio, peanut, and watermelon groups, the average amount of laboratory value had a statistically significant difference with the label value (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The results demonstrated that the salt content of 82% of the studied samples had discrepancies with the values stated on the traffic light labelling. The presentation of an accurate amount of salt content is essential for promoting healthy eating habits and enabling individuals to make informed choices about their diet. It is recommended that regulatory authorities should review labelling guidelines and enforce stricter compliance to ensure accurate representation of salt content on packaged foods.

Please cite this article as follows: Shirani F, Khodaei SM, Akbari M, Eshaghi R, Siavash M, Esfandiari Z. Accuracy of declared salt content on traffic light labelling of nuts and seeds in Isfahan, Iran. J Res Health Sci. 2024; 24(2):e00616. doi:10.34172/jrhs.2024.151
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Submitted: 01 Feb 2024
Revision: 11 Mar 2024
Accepted: 30 Mar 2024
ePublished: 01 Jun 2024
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